For a month in the summer, students in the Archaeology Field School earn four credits for excavation in pursuit of past cultural ecosystems in the Hudson Valley and the eastern woodlands. The field school emphasizes basic excavating techniques (digging with a trowel, recording field notes, drawing, and photography) and the initial steps in laboratory analysis. Recent excavations include sites in nearby Germantown and Rhinebeck related to the Palatine German settlers of 1710 and their descendents. Laboratory analysis continues on artifacts excavated by the Field School at Guineatown in Hyde Park, New York, an early community of free African Americans. Previous projects have included the prehistoric Grouse Bluff campsite on the shore of the Hudson River and the foundation of the A. J. Davis–designed Gardener’s Lodge at Blithewood on the Bard campus.