Bard College Catalogue

The Bard College Catalogue contains detailed descriptions of the College's undergraduate programs and courses, curriculum, admission and financial aid procedures, student activities and services, history, campus facilities, affiliated institutions including graduate programs, and faculty and administration.

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Bard College Catalogue 2013-14

Bard College Catalogue 2013-14

Honorary Degrees

In 1865 the Rev. Thomas A. Pynchon received the first honorary degree conferred by St. Stephen’s College, as Bard was then known. From that time until 1944, when Bard severed its relation­ship with Columbia University and became an independent liberal arts college, it awarded more than 150 honorary degrees. Following is a list of individuals who have received honorary degrees conferred from Bard since the mid-1940s.

Doctor of Civil Law

  • Martin Luther King Jr., 1962
  • Paul Moore Jr., 2003
  • David E. Schwab II ’52, 2004

Doctor of Divinity

  • Most Rev. John Maury Allin, 1985
  • Rev. Bernard Iddings Bell (posthumously), 1962
  • Rev. James E. Clarke ’25, 1965
  • Rev. Vine Victor Deloria ’26, 1954
  • Rt. Rev. Horace W. B. Donegan ’25, 1957
  • Rev. Lyford P. Edwards, 1947
  • Rev. John Heuss ’29, 1953
  • Rev. Canon Clinton Robert Jones ’38, 1966
  • Rev. Gordon Lee Kidd ’21, 1986
  • Rt. Rev. Arthur C. Lichtenberger, D.D., 1960
  • Rt. Rev. Charles W. MacLean ’25, 1962
  • Rev. Chester E. McCahan, 1951
  • Rev. John M. Mulligan ’32, 1968
  • Rev. Joseph Parsell ’26, 1988
  • Rev. James A. Paul ’32, 1955
  • Rev. Frederick Q. Shafer ’37, 1989
  • Rev. Elwyn H. Spear ’11, 1952

Doctor of Fine Arts

  • Alvin Ailey, 1977
  • Harry Belafonte, 1993
  • Malcolm Bilson ’57, 1991
  • Ilya Bolotowsky, 1981
  • Louise Bourgeois, 1981
  • Stan Brakhage, 2000
  • Robert Brustein, 1981
  • Elliott Carter, 1987
  • Chevy Chase ’68, 1990
  • Chuck Close, 1999
  • Ornette Coleman, 1999
  • Merce Cunningham, 2008
  • Blythe Danner ’65, 1981
  • Emerson String Quartet, 2009
  • Jean Erdman, 1992
  • Donald Fagen ’69, 1985
  • Rudolf Firkuˇsn´y, 1993
  • Lukas Foss, 2006
  • Helen Frankenthaler, 1976
  • Lee Friedlander, 2001
  • Frank O. Gehry, 2002
  • Benny Goodman, 1986
  • John Guare, 2001
  • Helen Hayes, 1978
  • John Heliker, 1991
  • James Ivory, 1996
  • Judith Jamison, 1995
  • Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, 1996
  • Bill T. Jones, 1996
  • Louis I. Kahn, 1970
  • Ellsworth Kelly, 1996
  • André Kertész, 1981
  • Tony Kushner, 2004
  • Roy Lichtenstein, 1989
  • Maya Lin, 2000
  • Sidney Lumet, 1987
  • Yo-Yo Ma, 1994
  • Wynton Marsalis, 1998
  • Ismail Merchant, 1996
  • Meredith Monk, 1988
  • Mark Morris, 2006
  • Lynn Nottage, 2012
  • Claes Oldenburg, 1995
  • Yoko Ono, 2003
  • Nam June Paik, 1990
  • Donald Richie, 2004
  • Sonny Rollins, 1992
  • James Rosenquist, 1997
  • Martin Scorsese, 1992
  • Richard M. Sherman ’49, 2011
  • Robert B. Sherman ’49, 2011
  • Aaron Siskind, 1981
  • Carol Summers ’52, 1974
  • Louise Talma, 1984
  • Billy Taylor, 2000
  • Twyla Tharp, 1981
  • Virgil Thomson, 1982
  • Jennifer Tipton, 2011
  • Jonathan Tunick ’58, 2013
  • Robert Venturi, 1993

Doctor of Humane Letters

  • George A. Akerlof, 2003
  • Anthony J. Alvarado, 1999
  • Kwame Anthony Appiah, 2004
  • Hannah Arendt, 1959
  • Alfred J. Ayer, 1983
  • Bernard Bailyn, 1968
  • Salo W. Baron, 1979
  • William J. Baumol, 2005
  • James Phinney Baxter, 1960
  • Robert L. Bernstein, 1998
  • Bruno Bettelheim, 1987
  • Jonathan Bingham, 1958
  • Alan S. Blinder, 2010
  • Michael R. Bloomberg, 2007
  • Heinrich Bluecher, 1968
  • Dorothy Dulles Bourne, 1967
  • Burrett B. Bouton ’24, 1964
  • Kenneth Burns, 1998
  • Geoffrey Canada, 2009
  • Pablo Casals, 1958
  • James H. Case Jr., 1960
  • Noam Chomsky, 1971
  • Robert M. Coles, 1976
  • Barry Commoner, 1980
  • Gardner Cowles, 1950
  • Arnold J. Davis ’44, 1995
  • Gordon J. Davis, 2001
  • Natalie Zemon Davis, 2002
  • Anne d’Harnoncourt, 1990
  • Fairleigh S. Dickinson Jr., 1968
  • Harry L. Dillin ’28, 1964
  • Wendy Doniger, 1996
  • Frances D. Fergusson, 2006
  • Barbara J. Fields, 2007
  • Hamilton Fish Jr., 1994
  • Nancy Folbre, 2006
  • Norman C. Francis, 2010
  • Phillip Frank, 1953
  • John Hope Franklin, 1969
  • William Frauenfelder, 1957
  • Ellen V. Futter, 1999
  • Henry Louis Gates Jr., 1995
  • Adrienne Germain, 2001
  • Gabrielle Giffords, 2013
  • Martha Graham, 1952
  • Edward S. Grandin III ’37, 1997
  • Andrew M. Greeley, 2002
  • Brandon H. Grove Jr. ’50, 2010
  • Lani Guinier, 2003
  • Elizabeth Blodgett Hall, 1986
  • Michael Harrington, 1966
  • Alexander Heard, 1979
  • Fred M. Hechinger, 1956
  • James J. Heckman, 2004
  • Ernest F. Henderson III, 1976
  • Stefan Hirsch, 1961
  • Oveta Culp Hobby, 1950
  • Eric J. Hobsbawm, 1986
  • Harold Holzer, 2009
  • John C. Honey ’39, 1992
  • Henry G. Jarecki, 2010
  • Randall Jarrell, 1961
  • Wei Jingsheng, 1998
  • William H. Jordy ’39, 1968
  • C. Flint Kellogg ’31, 1960
  • Lawrence R. Klein, 1986
  • Reamer Kline, President Emeritus, 1974
  • Howard E. Koch ’22, 1972
  • Louis W. Koenig ’38, 1960
  • Leszek Kolakowski, 1983
  • Hilton Kramer, 1981
  • Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, 1977
  • Alexei Leonidovich Kudrin, 2003
  • Aung San Suu Kyi, 2002
  • David S. Landes, 1999
  • Eugene M. Lang, 1991
  • Rev. Leslie J. A. Lang ’30, 1978
  • Roy E. Larsen, 1951
  • Christopher Lasch, 1977
  • Mary Woodward Lasker, 1950
  • Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot, 1993
  • Eva Le Gallienne, 1967
  • Harold Lever, 1989
  • Harold O. Levy, 2002
  • Leon Levy (posthumously), 2003
  • David Levering Lewis, 2002
  • Harvey Lichtenstein, 1999
  • Eric S. Maskin, 2008
  • Mary McCarthy, 1976
  • William James McGill, 1975
  • William H. McNeill, 1984
  • Deborah W. Meier, 1997
  • Leonard B. Meyer ’40, 1976
  • William E. Milliken, 2007
  • Franco Modigliani, 1985
  • Arnaldo Momigliano, 1983
  • Philippe de Montebello, 1981
  • Ian Morrison, 1968
  • Robert Motherwell, 1973
  • Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 1985
  • Ernest Nagel, 1964
  • Aryeh Neier, 2012
  • Carroll V. Newsom, 1955
  • Martha C. Nussbaum, 1999
  • Sari Nusseibeh, 2011
  • Erwin Panofsky, 1956
  • Gail Thain Parker, 1974
  • Martin Peretz, 1982
  • Hart Perry, 1986
  • John Harold Plumb, 1988
  • Richard Pousette-Dart ’39, 1965
  • John Herman Randall Jr., 1972
  • Santha Rama Rau, 1954
  • Robert Redford, 2004
  • Lynda Resnick, 2012
  • Wallingford Riegger (posthumously), 1961
  • David Rose, 1980
  • William F. Rueger ’40, 1984
  • Salman Rushdie, 1996
  • Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2009
  • Simon Schama, 2003
  • Meyer Schapiro, 1988
  • Carl Emil Schorske, 1982
  • Henry L. Scott, 1964
  • Amartya Sen, 1997
  • Maurice Sendak, 1987
  • Aura E. Severinghaus, 1955
  • Sidney Shelov ’37, 1987
  • Ruth J. Simmons, 2005
  • Theodore H. Smythe ’37, 1973
  • Albert Spalding, 1951
  • Edward John Steichen, 1966
  • John H. Steinway ’39, 1989
  • Ellen Stewart, 1975
  • Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2001
  • Margot Stern Strom, 2001
  • Adolf Sturmthal, 1985
  • Deborah Sussman ’52, 1998
  • Donald Tewskbury, 1954
  • James Tobin, 1995
  • Nina Totenberg, 2011
  • Ludmila A. Verbitskaya, 2000
  • Emily Townsend Vermeule, 1994
  • Dennis M. Walcott, 2013
  • Paul Langdon Ward, 1963
  • Alice Waters, 2013
  • Thomas J. Watson Jr., 1985
  • Faye Wattleton, 1991
  • Bethuel M. Webster, 1980
  • Richard D. Weigle, 1970
  • Barbara Wersba ’54, 1977
  • Stef Wertheimer, 2009
  • Paul Whitcomb Williams, 1975
  • Roscoe L. Williams, 1969
  • Garry Wills, 2009
  • William Julius Wilson, 1992
  • Janet L. Yellen, 2000

Doctor of Laws

  • Ernest Angell, 1954
  • Edward Ware Barrett, 1950
  • Elliott Vallance Bell, 1950
  • William Benton, 1951
  • Julian Bond, 1970
  • Cory A. Booker, 2012
  • Chester Bowles, 1957
  • William B. Bryant, 1984
  • Gerhard Casper, 2007
  • William T. Coleman Jr., 1989
  • Howland S. Davis, 1960
  • Paul H. Douglass, 1959
  • David Dubinsky, 1951
  • Cyrus Eaton, 1958
  • Marian Wright Edelman, 1982
  • Christopher Edley Jr., 2011
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1964
  • Brian S. Fischer, 2013
  • James Peter Fusscas ’31, 1974
  • Kenneth Galbraith, 1958
  • Richard J. Goldstone, 2004
  • Murray I. Gurfein, 1972
  • Edgar W. Hatfield ’31, 1956
  • Lt. Col. William Roy Hidgson, 1947
  • A. Leon Higginbotham Jr., 1991
  • Wayne L. Horvitz, 1979
  • Irving M. Ives, 1942
  • Jacob K. Javits, 1966
  • Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, 2000
  • Judith S. Kaye, 2009
  • Joseph Kovago, 1960
  • Herbert H. Lehman, 1952
  • Edward Hirsch Levi, 1975
  • W. Arthur Lewis, 1982
  • Jack W. Lydman ’36, 1973
  • Margaret H. Marshall, 2008
  • Ward Melville, 1950
  • Soia Mentschikoff, 1978
  • Eleanor Holmes Norton, 1971
  • Lennart K. H. Nylander, 1950
  • David Patterson, 2009
  • Hon. Ferdinand Pecora ’99, 1963
  • Hon. Byron Price, 1950
  • Charles B. Rangel, 2008
  • Ogden Rogers Reid, 1969
  • Abraham Ribicoff, 1961
  • Felix G. Rohatyn, 1976
  • Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, 1951
  • Kurt L. Schmoke, 1994
  • Theodore H. Silbert, 1972
  • Frank Snowden, 1957
  • Bryan A. Stevenson, 2006
  • Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, 1967
  • Marietta Tree, 1965
  • Henry Wriston, 1958

Doctor of Letters

  • Edward Albee, 1987
  • Margaret Atwood, 2010
  • Saul Bellow, 1963
  • Irma Brandeis, 1980
  • Harold Clurman, 1959
  • Joan Didion, 1987
  • Margaret Drabble, 1983
  • Frederick Dupee, 1965
  • Ralph W. Ellison, 1978
  • Max Frisch, 1980
  • Carlos Fuentes, 1988
  • Ernest J. Gaines, 1985
  • Elizabeth Hardwick, 1989
  • Anthony Hecht ’44, 1970
  • Ada Louise Huxtable, 1980
  • Jamaica Kincaid, 1997
  • Doris Lessing, 1994
  • Henry Noble MacCracken, 1955
  • Ajai Singh “Sonny” Mehta, 2008
  • Ved Mehta, 1982
  • Toni Morrison, 1979
  • Azar Nafisi, 2007
  • Cynthia Ozick, 1991
  • Marjorie Perloff, 2008
  • Henri Peyre, 1957
  • David Remnick, 2005
  • Philip Roth, 1985
  • Richard H. Rovere ’37, 1962
  • Mary Lee Settle, 1985
  • Isaac Bashevis Singer, 1974
  • Charles Percy Snow, 1962
  • Wallace Stevens, 1951
  • Peter H. Stone ’51, 1971
  • Ordway Tead, 1953
  • John Updike, 1984
  • Helen Vendler, 2005
  • Theodore Weiss, 1973
  • William Carlos Williams, 1950
  • Louis Zukofsky, 1977

Doctor of Science

  • Alexander Albert ’32, 1961
  • David Baltimore, 1990
  • László Z. Bitó ’60, 2007
  • John Joseph Bittner ’25, 1950
  • Elizabeth Helen Blackburn, 2004
  • Baruch S. Blumberg, 1985
  • David Botstein, 2011
  • John T. Cacioppo, 2004
  • Kenneth Campbell, 1956
  • Gregory Chudnovsky, 1981
  • René Dubos, 1971
  • Anthony S. Fauci, 1993
  • David Gelernter, 2006
  • William T. Golden, 1988
  • Susan Gottesman, 2009
  • Stephen Jay Gould, 1986
  • Jo Handelsman, 2013
  • M. D. Hassialis, 1953
  • David D. Ho, 1997
  • Kay Redfield Jamison, 2003
  • John G. Kemeny, 1978
  • Bostwick K. Ketchum ’34, 1964
  • Mary Claire King, 1995
  • Jin H. Kinoshita ’44, 1967
  • Tsung-Dao Lee, 1984
  • Arnold J. Levine, 2000
  • Eduardo D. Maldonado ’32, 1972
  • Barbara McClintock, 1983
  • Paul Nurse, 2005
  • Mary L. Pardue, 1985
  • Gerard Piel, 1979
  • Lisa Randall, 2010
  • Jens Reich, 2012
  • Gardner M. Riley ’31, 1959
  • Oliver Sacks, 1992
  • Elie Alexis Schneour ’47, 1969
  • C. Theodore Sottery, 1963
  • Abraham Spector ’47, 1985
  • David Howard Spodick ’47, 1975
  • Shirley M. Tilghman, 2002
  • Yasuhisa Toyota, 2004
  • Harold E. Varmus, 2001
  • William Vogt ’25, 1952
  • James Dewey Watson, 1991
  • Frank H. Westheimer, 1983
  • Nancy S. Wexler, 1998
  • Edward Witten, 1998
  • Chien-Shiung Wu, 1974