Health issues are generally the same in Russia as they are in the United States. Adapting to a new climate, food, water, and way of life may affect one’s health during the first few weeks but usually has no lasting effects. If you plan to travel to Russia, it is advisable to make sure that your inoculations against diphtheria, polio, and tetanus are up to date. Inoculations against hepatitis A and B are also advisable but not required. It is important to keep in mind that Russia has a high STD infection rate, including HIV/AIDS. For more information visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.