Bard offers a number of opportunities for learning outside the formal curriculum and course structure. Students planning professional careers can concentrate in a liberal arts field and at the same time arrange their program to meet the requirements for admission to graduate professional school. In some professional areas, students may choose a program in which they combine liberal arts study at Bard with professional graduate work at another institution. Pathways for independent work include special study and internship programs, study at another academic institution in the United States or abroad, and individual and group study projects. Bard's progressive approach encourages a wide range of individual programs.